What is a Learning Disability

A frustrated, upset child, or child with learning difficulties.

What is a Learning Disability

Basics on Learning Disabilities

What is a Learning Disability

A learning disability is a condition that arises when a person finds difficulties learning at the pace which is expected of people of the person’s age group. A learning disability is a neurological disorder. It results from differences in the way a person’s brain is wired. The person does not receive and process information like people of her age group will.


Types of Learning Disabilities


Dyscalculia is a learning disability that affects a person’s ability to effectively learn mathematics and numbers like other people of the same age group would. A person with dyscalculia finds difficulties understanding mathematical symbols, find difficulties mastering and memorizing numbers, cannot read time and faces significant challenges counting numbers.



Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects a person’s ability to write properly. This disability significantly affects the person’s motor skills. The person finds difficulty writing anything that a person can understand, spaces out her work in an inconsistent manner and can hardly compose anything reasonable. A person with dysgraphia will often make spelling errors and finds difficulties thinking and writing simultaneously.


Dislexia is a type of learning disability that affects a person’s ability to read or read effectively. The person finds difficulties reading or may read at a very slow pace. The person finds difficulties with spelling, does not easily recall words, even the ones she has already known, and finds difficulties writing the words down.

Auditory Processing Disorder

Auditory processing disorder is a learning disability that affects how uninterrupted sound is received and processed in the brain. People with auditory processing disorder find difficulties making out differences between sounds made in words and can hardly tell from where sound comes from. They can hardly make the differences between the sound in front of them, and background noises.

The best remedy for this learning disability would be to show the person what to do instead of explaining.

Non-verbal Learning Disabilities

This is a kind of learning disability where a person finds difficulties interpreting aspects like body language and facial expression in a person. The person often lacks coordination and can hardly look at a person and tell what emotion the person is expressing. A person with this type of disability will often interpret information literally, ask too many questions and can often interrupt the efficient flow of a lesson in situations where the person is bold enough to express her doubts.

Language Processing Disorder:

A language processing disorder is a type of learning disability that affects how a person receives and processes language. This type of disability only has to do with the way the person processes language. The person finds difficulties interpreting spoken language, writes poorly and equally and finds difficulties expressing what she thinks. In other words, the person will like to say something, but does not know how to say it. The person may have much to say, but does not have the words to use.

Visual Perceptual or Visual Motor

Visual perceptual or visual motor deficit is a kind of learning disability where a person finds difficulties understanding information which the person clearly sees. The person often complains of itching eyes, rubs them constantly, yarns while reading holds pencil too tightly and would often express characteristics seen in people with dysgraphia and non learning verbal disabilities.

Some Solutions to Learning Disabilities

There are solutions to learning disabilities. The fact that a child does not learn like other children does not mean that the child cannot learn at all. It only means that the child can learn in a different way. The teacher who might still be a parent has to do the following to help the child learn.

  1.  Break down the lesson and teach it gradually. You must understand that the child with a learning disability has to take in the lesson at a slower rate.
  2. Call the child by name when giving him instructions. This will make the child more attentive to the lesson.
  3. Make use of diagrams, and images. More preferably, use colorful images to project the lesson with.
  4. Implement one-on-one strategies. Break barriers of fear between you and the child with a learning disability and allow the child to learn without stress.
  5. Constantly evaluate the child to see whether the strategies you are using are working and be ready to improvise whenever the need arises.

Leaning Disabilities can be handled successfully allowing the child to learn. However, it will take more time, patience and technical know-how


Nfon Mark Benyou (Markzin)

Crystal Foundation, Cameroon.

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